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E-liquid Facts & Info

E-LIQUID FACTS So if you’re probably wondering what e-liquid is all about! What does it contain? Is it safe to use? Are there any side effects? And maybe you have many other thoughts that pass through your mind in order to clarify any justification before you decide to start using an electronic cigarette device. Here we will aim to outline any queries and concerns you may have regarding the usage of e-liquid. e-liquid So let us first start with the name E-Liquid, which is a term used to signify that the liquid content is to be used in conjunction with an appropriate electronic cigarette device, hence the first letter being ‘E’ . There are some other terms used instead of e-liquid, some of which are e-juice and smoke-juice. So what does E-liquid contain? Bases Flavours and nicotine are dissolved in hygroscopic (absorbs water from the air) components, which turn the water in the solution into a smoke-like vapour when heated. Commonly used hygroscopic components include propylene glycol, vegetable glycerine, and polyethylene glycol 400 (often sold under the abbreviations PG, VG, and PEG 400, respectively). Safety of liquid bases All three liquid bases are common food additives used in a variety of pharmaceutical formulations. Propylene glycol, the current dominating liquid base, has been utilised in asthma inhalers and nebulizers since the 1950s, and because of its water-retaining properties, is the compound of choice for delivering atomized medication. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) includes propylene glycol on its list of substances Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS), and it meets the requirements of acceptable compounds within Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations. The main prominent base fluid of e-liquid tends to be Propylene Glycol (PG) or it can also be Vegetable Glycerine (VG). Contents of the e-liquid solutions vary, but their common aspects include water and flavourings in a propylene glycol or glycerine base. Nicotine is also included in solutions intended to fulfil a nicotine replacement role. PG or VG liquid is used as the carrier to provide the nicotine to the user; however users also can use electronic cigarettes with zero nicotine content e-liquid. The base fluids produce the smoke simulations visible when used with an appropriate electronic cigarette device. Flavours Hundreds of different flavour varieties are available, such as regular tobacco and menthol. A wide variety of food flavours are also sold, from the traditional (vanilla, coffee, cigar) to the more exotic (strawberry, watermelon, mango), some flavours aim to mimic specific cigarette brands, such as Marlboro or Camel. All flavours are subjective, and each person will have a subjective experience of the taste. Generally tobacco flavours or those that aim to mimic tobacco brands are still a stretch away from having the same flavour as a traditional tobacco cigarette brand, but still effectively offer the user a similar flavour that as well as being reasonably compatible, also offers the simulation of a great throat hit, and plumes of vapour plumes whilst simultaneously delivering the desired nicotine to the user. Nicotine Liquid solutions containing nicotine are available in differing nicotine concentrations to suit user preference. Dosing nomenclatures are not standardised and vary by manufacturer, but tend towards the following rough figures Liquids said to contain "low" doses of nicotine tend to correspond to a nicotine concentration of 6–8 mg/ml (milligrams of nicotine per millilitre of liquid). "Midrange" or "medium" doses tend to correspond to a nicotine concentration of 10–14 mg/ml. "High" doses tend to correspond to a nicotine concentration of 16–18 mg/ml. "Extra-high" doses tend to correspond to a nicotine concentration of 24–36 mg/ml. Actual numerical nicotine concentration ratings are usually printed on liquid containers or cartridge packaging. Often, the standard notation "mg/ml" is shortened to a simple "mg". Generally the higher the nicotine content, the stronger the throat hit, which is the sensation the user experiences at the back of the throat upon inhalation from their electronic cigarette device. Please read 'Safe Usage' below for your information. Manufacturing Questions have also been raised over the standard practices of e-liquid and electronic cigarette manufacturing and the lack of regulations that surround it. The two main producers of e-liquid as of 2011 are China and the United States. In China, manufacturers must obtain nontoxic testing permits to regulate the amount of pure nicotine that is mixed with e-liquid batches, but no other documentation is needed to produce and distribute. Some concern has been raised over the quality of ingredients used in Chinese manufacturing, but no substantiated evidence has been brought forward to discredit Chinese manufacturers. Many Chinese companies comply with standards implemented by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Manufacturers in China of e-liquid now have stringent hi-tech manufacturing plants with advanced quality control, and also offer certifications of SGS, MSDS and TUV VOM in order to comply with a reputable standard of quality together with a standardised safety module of their products having undergone an array of tests over their e-liquid contents. In the United States, manufacturers must adhere to guidelines put forth by the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, though there are no other required certification processes to be obtained for production and distribution of e-liquid. The FDA is currently underwriting regulation for the manufacturing and sale of e-liquid and electronic cigarettes. Health concerns The health effects of using electronic cigarettes are currently unknown. Several studies regarding the long-term health effects of nicotine vapour, both inhaled directly and second hand, are currently in progress, although it should be noted that second hand side stream smoke is non-existent due to on-demand operation and that vapour is generated rather than smoke. Electronic Cigarette to Tobacco Conversions A typical traditional tobacco cigarette will supply the user on average around 15 inhalations; this would be termed as 15 puffs of inhalation in the e-cigarette world. So typically, 15 puffs on an electronic cigarette device is approximately equivalent to one traditional tobacco cigarette in comparison. There are however many factors that would be taken into consideration, to calculate the exact relative nicotine consumption, some of which is the nicotine strength of your e-liquid which may come in a range such as 9mg, 12mg, 18mg and 24mg, also the flavour, type of atomizer/cartomizer used and not to mention the actual amount of nicotine the body absorbs upon each puff. There are varying reports indicating what amount of nicotine the body actually absorbs, some studies claim only 10% of nicotine is actually absorbed by the body, whilst other reports claim, 50%, 60% and even 80%. You can read a study done by Dr. Essenberg for further information. Everyone smokes tobacco cigarettes differently in different circumstances. Have you ever really counted how many puffs it takes to finish a cigarette? How about when you’re driving? When you’re talking? When you’re drinking coffee? When you’re outside smoking? Electronic cigarettes don’t burn away. They only produce vapour at the user’s request. A tobacco cigarette depends on the situation. So let’s look at some E-Cigarette cartridge conversions: Standard cigarette supply approximately 15 puffs (varying between 9-15 puffs) Our BUD Cartomizers supply approximately up to 360 puffs or about a pack of 20 cigarettes 20 drops per ml X avg. 9 puffs per drop = 180 puffs per ml 1800 puffs per 10ml bottle @ £4.95 (US$7.60) per bottle (in the LIQUA range) = approximately equivalent to 120 cigarettes Now that works out approximately equivalent to be £0.83 (US$1.28) for a pack of 20 cigarettes Now isn’t that a fantastic saving? YES you do SAVE A LOT OF MONEY using ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES! The nicotine density listed for e-liquid is the number of milligrams of nicotine per millilitre in the E-Liquid. A 2.4% mg/ml content of nicotine means a 10ml bottle of 2.4% mg/ml nicotine e-liquid would have 24mg of nicotine per millilitre which would be 240mg of nicotine per 10ml bottle (24mg x 10ml). Likewise, a 30ml bottle of 2.4mg/ml e-liquid would have 720mg of nicotine in it (24mg x 30ml). If you smoke Regular cigarettes, like a Marlboro Red, for instance, there is approximately 1.2mg of nicotine in each cigarette, or 24mg of nicotine per pack (1.2mg x 20 cigarettes). If you smoke Light cigarettes, like a Marlboro Light, for instance, there are approximately 0.7mg of nicotine in each cigarette, or 14mg of nicotine per pack (0.7mg x 20 cigarettes). If you smoke Ultra Light cigarettes, like a Marlboro Ultra Light, for instance, there are approximately 0.5mg of nicotine in each cigarette, or 10mg of nicotine per pack (0.5mg x 20 cigarettes). When you refill your e-cartridges with e-liquid, you may need to know how much nicotine is contained in your refilling e-liquid. There are approximately 20 drops of e-liquid per millilitre. So, using our 2.4% mg/ml nicotine e-liquid as an example, there would be 24mg of nicotine per ml (24mg/20 drops). The amount as well as the feeling of the nicotine absorbed by the body from electronic cigarette smoking depends on many factors, including the density of the nicotine in e-liquid, the electronic cigarette vaporing quantity, the smoking frequency and timing, and the smoking inhaling respiration. Actually the nicotine in the E-Liquid cannot be absorbed completely by the smoker. For instance, if you inhale 1 ml of E-Liquid which contains 24 mg/ml of nicotine, this does not mean that you absorb all the 24 mg/ml of nicotine. You may only absorb about 50-80% of the nicotine according to your personal smoking habit. As previously mentioned, the actual nicotine absorbed by the body differs according to the current varying medical reports. “Great information,” you’re probably thinking, ”but what does that really mean in terms of cigarettes?” Well below we have some information to guide users of electronic cigarettes upon how much their intake of nicotine via the use of an electronic cigarette is: Comparion per drop The numbers have been rounded slightly here to make them easier to work with. No scientific studies have actually been performed with regular users of e-cigarettes to determine how much of the liquid nicotine, if any, is burnt up or evaporates before it hits the lungs. Therefore, the numbers represented above indicate the maximum amount of nicotine intake assuming that 100% of it makes it into the lungs of the user of an electronic cigarette. Alternatively, you can simply calculate your approximate nicotine intake from the size of your atomizer cartridge or cartomizer. You can view the chart below for Nicotine consumption per cartridge size assuming full: 24mg E-Liquid 18mg E-liquid 12mg E-Liquid BUD cartomizer 1.5ml 36mg 27mg 18mg ERA cartomizer 2.0ml 48mg 36mg 24mg Echo Cartomizer 3.0ml 72mg 54mg 36mg Here using as a typical example our BUD cartomizer, which supplies approximately 360 puffs to the user per 1.5ml of e-liquid. For every 15 puffs (typically comparative to a tobacco cigarette) a 24mg,18mg and 12mg nicotine content would supply the the user, respectively 1.5mg,1.125mg and 0.75mg of nicotine, and this is also taking into consideration that these amounts would be 100% absorbed by the body upon vaporised inhalation. It should also be noted that, although nicotine is highly addictive, no studies have shown nicotine to be a carcinogen. It is simply “the fix” that cigarette smokers crave. It is recommended that those who have a demonstrated sensitivity to nicotine, are pregnant or breastfeeding or who have unstable heart conditions, should discuss the use of any nicotine delivery device with a doctor before using. Doctors bring up some very good points about electronic cigarettes. While they do not endorse them, they certainly think electronic cigarettes are a good alternative from inhaling 4000+ chemicals in regular cigarettes. Lowering Your Nicotine Strength Over time, when a user of an electronic cigarette becomes accustomed to vaping, a user may decide to slowly and gradually decrease the e-liquid’s nicotine strength. One may find it more effective only to start decreasing the nicotine levels once you one is totally free from tobacco cigarettes. Some users really enjoy vaping and also the flavours, and do not have a desire to quit vaping. Others may utilise e-cigarettes specifically with an aim to put an end to their nicotine dependency. Many users may have successfully quit tobacco cigarettes altogether. Whichever one chooses, it's ultimately up to the user to their own choice. If your goal is to quit, then one may try setting oneself a goal to lower the e-liquid nicotine content gradually, week by week till one is finally smoke-free. Some may require a big nicotine hit in the mornings, and much less during the night time. So you could possibly have two options: vape less at night, or have e-liquids with different strengths at hand (i.e.. you might use an 18 mg during the day and 12 mg at night before bed), one is able to adjust their usage to their own comfort. According to medical professionals, if you smoke a lot before you go to bed, you may not sleep well. However for others it may have zero effect on their sleeping pattern. How Long Does the Transition to E-cigarettes Take? Again, how long it takes for you to be totally free from smoking and to be comfortable with electronic cigarettes can vary. For a lot of us, we make the switch in one day and have an occasional tobacco cigarette on social occasions, that’s about it. It may vary for you. It can really be easy for some, whilst others may stagger or gradually switch over. Ideally the best method may be to totally switch over, allowing your body to adapt to your new nicotine delivery method. Smoking whilst simultaneously vaping, may give the user an undesired flavour, or an unfulfilled craving when vaping. When a user stops smoking, their sense of taste and sense of smell would tend to perform better over time, and thus making vaping a more sensational and pleasant experience. Cravings may still develop during the transition to vaping for a cigarette, some users may switch temporarily to a higher nicotine content to counter this effect, and reduce this level once their cigarette cravings have been controlled. Vaping may initially tend to cause some users an initial dry throat upon usage, which can be alleviated by simply increasing their regular intake of fresh water during the transition process over a few weeks, if you feel the effect is still lingering on, you may have to decide whether vaping is suitable for you and seek guidance from a physician, but generally if any users experience this effect. It is only a temporary effect during the initial transition process. Think about it like this: the sooner you make the switch the better off your health would be and the sooner your body and lungs can start to recover, if you have decided to stop smoking, by switching over to vaping you will cease to stop dumping harmful chemicals from smoking traditional tobacco cigarettes like Tar, Carbon Monoxide, Arsenic, Lead and Cyanide. Your wallet gets fatter in the meantime as well as the fact you will save a lot more money. With the prices of cigarettes ever increasing, £7.00 (US$10.76) on average for a pack of 20 cigarettes these days, is more than any reason for most people to switch over! Why you should be considering to Quit Smoking 1 out of every 5 deaths is caused by tobacco. Tobacco is responsible for 440,000 US deaths every single year. Residential fires caused by smoking are responsible for nearly 1,000 fire-related deaths and 3,300 injuries each year. Tobacco smoke contains more than 4,000 chemical compounds including carbon monoxide, ammonia, formaldehyde, and other poisons. 4 of the chemicals – benzene, 2-naphthylamine, 4-aminobiphenyl, and polonium-210 are classified by the EPA as known carcinogens—cancer causing agents. Tobacco is responsible for the majority of all cancers of the lung, larynx, trachea, oesophagus and bronchus. Tobacco can cause serious cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Smoking tobacco is also known to produce cancer in the pancreas, kidney, bladder, and the cervix. Tobacco reduces blood flow and has been proven to cause impotency. Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage and foetal growth retardation. It also causes about 5-6% of prenatal deaths, 17-26% of low-birth-weight births, and 7-10% of pre-term deliveries. Women account for 39% of all smoking deaths. Smoking cost the US over $150 billion annually in health care. Passive Smoking Facts A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that non-smokers exposed to second-hand smoke were 25 percent more likely to have coronary heart diseases compared to non-smokers not exposed to smoke. The EPA released a report about second-hand smoke and stated: 3,000 non-smoking adults die of diseases caused by exposure to second hand smoke every year. Second-hand smoke causes coughing, phlegm, chest discomfort and reduced lung function in non-smokers. Children exposed to second-hand smoke at home are more likely to have middle-ear disease and reduced lung function. 2 to 5 million US children suffer from asthma; of these, about 20 percent experience more asthma attacks and more severe attacks than their fellow young asthmatics, due to second-hand smoke. The EPA has classified second-hand smoke as a carcinogen since 1992. According to the EPA, approximately 50-75 percent of children in the United States have detectable levels of cotinine, the breakdown product of nicotine, in their blood. Researchers have revealed that more and more smokers nowadays have chosen to use electronic cigarettes as an effective way to give up their smoking habit. The researchers of course compared e-cigarettes to other anti-smoking aids like over-the-counter patches, gums, inhalers, lozenges and even pills. The study tapped people who have more or less the same cigarette addiction profiles and have them use different “quit smoking” aids including electronic cigarettes. According to a study, for the 6-month period, smokers who used electronic cigarettes have more than 30% of smoking abstinence while those who are using other anti-smoking aids diverges between 10 % to 20%. This of course means that more smokers are likely to give up their dependency to smoking through the help of e-cigarettes; that they would rather switch from smoking to vaping. Aside from the comparison research and analysis, a study also comprised of a survey wherein more than 200 vapers were interviewed and revealed that about 70% of them strongly believed that electronic cigarettes are really effective and that they were able to drastically reduce the number of regular cigarettes they smoke in just a month. tobacco vs electronic cigarettes chart Clinical We do not promote our products as smoking cessation devices, but gathering the feedback from our customers, our products are having a positive impact on people's lives, their health and their wealth all for the better! We promote our electronic cigarette products simply as an alternative to traditional tobacco smoking. Numerous customers having used our products have advised us that they have successfully stopped smoking traditional tobacco cigarettes, which is a fantastic achievement for them. The numerical figures and data to corroborate any claims have not been fully researched by any independent authority to allow us to scientifically state our products will aid a user to stop smoking. However the far and wide positive feedback we have received from our customers, and from many others in the vaping world does signify that there can be some potential benefit for users to switch from smoking to vaping. The prohibitions allowing electronic cigarette devices to be promoted as authorised smoking cessation products would fall within some of the following criteria as quoted from the FDA website; E-Cigarettes may contain ingredients that are known to be toxic to humans, and may contain other ingredients that may not be safe. Additionally, these products may be attractive to young people and may lead kids to try other tobacco products, including conventional cigarettes, which are known to cause disease and lead to premature death. Because clinical studies about the safety and efficacy of these products have not been submitted to FDA, consumers currently have no way of knowing whether e-cigarettes are safe for their intended use, what types or concentrations of potentially harmful chemicals are found in these products, or how much nicotine they are inhaling when they use these products. You can read more updates from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration by visiting the FDA website.

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